Standard Fire and Special Perils Policy

Fire is a hazard potent enough to cause losses to a great extent to any residential, commercial, or industrial properties, both movable and immovable. In the fire insurance policy, 'Fire' means the production of light and heat by combustion or burning and it has broken bounds i.e. fire is not limited or confined to usual limits. A fire insurance policy provides indemnity against loss by expenses incurred towards repair, replacement, and damages to the insured property due to fire and allied perils. The sum insured for immovable property and other contents is generally fixed on the basis of the reinstatement value of the property. Properties like stocks in trade are always insured on a market value basis. However, if the property is insured on a value less than it ought to be insured else it qualifies for under-insured, the condition of average will apply in case of loss.


This policy broadly covers: Standard Fire and Perils policy commonly known as fire insurance not only indemnifies against losses by fire but also 11 other perils as briefed below:

  • Fire
  • Lightning
  • Explosion/Implosion
  • Aircraft Damage
  • Riot, Strike and Malicious Damage
  • Storm, Cyclone, Typhoon, Tempest, Hurricane, Tornado, Flood and Inundation
  • Impact of Damage
  • Subsidence and Landslide including Rockslide
  • Bursting and/or overflowing of Water Tanks, Apparatus, and Pipes
  • Missile Testing operations 
  • Leakage from Automatic Sprinkler Installations
  • Bush Fir

Major Extensions Available

Architects, Surveyors and Consulting Engineers Fees ( in excess of 3% claim amount) Removal of Debris (in excess of 1% claim amount) Forest Fire. Impact Damage due to Insured’s own Rail/Road Vehicles, Fork lifts, Cranes, Stackers and the like and articles dropped therefrom Spontaneous Combustion Omission to Insure, additions, Alterations or Extensions Earthquake (Fire and Shock) - Mandatory Cover Spoilage Material Damage Cover - for loss of stock in process due to an insured peril. Leakage And Contamination Cover - for oils and chemicals only. Temporary Removal of Stocks Clause - Additional Expenses incurred for transferring stock. Loss Of Rent clause - for owners of building, if the same is being let-out at the time of loss Insurance Of Additional Expenses of Rent For An Alternative Accommodation - for any additional rental expenses post loss Startup Expenses - to cover the additional expenses to restart the process

Other Extensions

Involuntary Betterment

Fire Fighting/ Extinguishing Expenses

Dewatering Expenses

Brands and Labels Trademark Immediate Repairs Waiver of Under Insurance Destruction of Sound Property Accidental Damage Minor Works Extension Claims Preparation costs Removal of Foreign/ External Debris Property not on insured Premises Capital additions Obsolete Parts Contamination & Co Mingling of Stocks Catalyst and Consumable (including lining and refractory) interest in process Growing Plants, Crops And Trees, Landscaping Decontamination and Cost of Clean Up Property in Course of Construction/Erection

Various Types of Fire Insurance

Some of the most common options for fire insurance policies available in India are briefed below:

  • Standard Fire & Special Perils PolicPolicy (SFSP) – Issued to cover loss or damage to insured property on specified location/s with specified sum insured for respective location, due to insured perils.Re-instatement value as well as a market value both basis of the sum insured could have opted in these policies for respective properties insured. An under-Insurance penalty will apply in case of a claim.
  • Fire Floater Policy – Issued to cover the stock laying at more than one location and the exact value per location is not available or could not be ascertained. The sum insured in these policies will be always on the basis of market value. An under-Insurance penalty will apply in case of a claim.
  • Fire Declaration Policy – Issued to cover the stock if there is frequent fluctuation in the quantity of stock. An estimated value of stocks is insured at the inception of the policy and the Highest value or Average value of stock per month is declared. Excess premium is adjusted/refunded at the end of the policy period. An under-Insurance penalty will apply in case of a claim. The sum insured in these policies will be always on the basis of market value.
  • Fire Floater Declaration Policy – Issued to cover the stock if there is frequent fluctuation in the quantity of stock lying at multiple locations. It has the benefits of both Fire Floater & Fire Declaration policies. Premium will be adjusted at the end of the policy based on monthly declarations. An under-Insurance penalty is applicable in case of a claim
  • Valued Policy – Issued to cover the Items whose value cannot be determined like curios, works of Art, Paintings Etc. The sum insured is fixed on the basis of the valuer’s report.

General Exclusions

  • Excess applicable will be as mentioned in the policy schedule.
  • Loss, destruction, or damage caused by war, invasion, the act of foreign enemy hostilities or war like operations (whether war be declared or not), civil war, mutiny, civil commotion assuming the proportions of or amounting to a popular rising, military rising, rebellion, revolution, insurrection or military or usurped power.
  • Loss, destruction, or damage by ionizing radiations or contamination by radioactivity from any nuclear fuel or from any nuclear waste from the combustion of nuclear fuel, radioactive toxic, explosive, or other hazardous properties of any explosive nuclear assembly or nuclear component thereof.
  • Pollution or contamination which itself results from a peril hereby insured against.
  • Damage to the stocks in Cold Storage premises caused by a change in temperature.
  • Damage to any electrical machine, apparatus, fixture, or fitting arising from or occasioned by over-running excessive pressure, short-circuiting, arcing, self-heating, or leakage of electricity from whatever cause (lightning included).

Individual Insurance